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The Adoptions and Maintenance Act of 1956 dealt specifically with the legal process of adopting children by a Hindu adult, and with the legal obligations of a Hindu to provide "maintenance" to various family members including their wife or wives, parents, and in-laws.

(P&A) deals with the following provisions of the hindu adoptions and maintenance Act:

Adoptions to be regulated by this Chapter, Requisites of a valid adoption, Capacity of a male Hindu to take in adoption, Capacity of a female Hindu to take in adoption, Persons capable of giving in adoption, Persons who may be adopted, Other conditions for a valid adoption, Effect of adoptions, Right of adoptive parents to dispose of their properties, Determination of adoptive mother in certain cases, Valid adoption not to be cancelled, Presumption as to registered documents relating to adoption, Prohibition of certain payments Maintenance of wife, Maintenance of widowed daughter-in-law, Maintenance of children and aged parents, Dependents, Maintenance of dependents, Amount of maintenance, Claimant to maintenance should be a Hindu. Amount of maintenance may be altered on change of circumstances, Debts to have priority, Maintenance when to be a charge, Effect of transfer of property on right or maintenance,