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OBJECTIVE


The Employees* Slate Insurance Act (ESI Act) was enacted with the object of introducing a scheme of health insurance for industrial workers. The scheme envisaged by it is one of compulsory State Insurance providing for certain benefits in the event of sickness, maternity and employment injury to workmen employed in or in connection with the work in factories other than seasonal factories.

(Ps&A) deals with the following provisions of the Employees State Insurance Act 1948

Establishment of Employees' State insurance Corporation.-Constitution of Corporation.-Term of office of members of the Corporation.-Eligibility for re-nomination or re-election.-Authentication of orders, decisions, etc..-Constitution of Standing Committee.-Term of office of members of Standing Committee.-Medical Benefit Council.-Resignation of membership.-Cessation of membership.-Disqualification.-Filling of vacancies.-Fees and allowances.-Principal officers.-Staff.-Powers of the Standing Committee.-Corporation's power to promote measures for health, etc. of insured persons.-Meetings of Corporation, Standing Committee and Medical Benefit Council.-Duties of Medical Benefit Council.-Supersession of the Corporation and Standing Committee.-Acts of Corporation, etc. not invalid by reason of defect in constitution, etc..-Duties of 61[Director General and the Financial Commissioner].-Annual report.-Audit.-Accounts.-Budget estimates.-Expenditure by Central Government to be treated as a loan.-Vesting of the property in the Corporation.-Holding of property, etc..-Administrative expenses.-Purposes for which the fund may be expended.-Grant by the Central Government.-Employees' State Insurance Fund.-Finance And Audit.-Regional Boards, Local Committees, Regional and Local Medical Benefit Councils.-Employers to furnish returns and maintain registers in certain cases.-General provisions as to payment of contributions.-Method of payment of contribution.-Recovery of contributions from immediate employer.-Principal employer to pay contributions in the first instance.-Contributions.-All employees to be insured.-Contributions.-Valuation of assets and liabilities.-Budget, audited accounts and the annual report to be placed before 43[Parliament].-Annual report.-Budget, audited accounts and the annual report to be placed before 43[Parliament].-Power to remove difficulties.-Power of Corporation to make regulations.-Corporation may undertake duties in Part B States.-Medical care for the families of insured persons.-Power of State Government to make rules.-Power of Central Government to make rules.-Delegation of powers.-Contributions, etc., due to Corporation to have priority over other debts.-Liability in case of transfer of establishment.-Corporation officers and servants to be public servants.-Power of Central Government to give directions.-Writing off of losses.-Misuse of benefits.-Exemption from one or more provisions of the Act.-Exemptions to be either prospective or retrospective.-Exemption of factories or establishments belonging to government or any local authority.-Corporation to make representation.-Exemption of persons or class of persons.-Miscellaneous.-Exemption of a factory or establishment or class of factories or establishments.-Offences by companies.-Prosecutions.-Power of Court to make orders.-Power to recover damages.-Enhanced punishment in certain cases after previous conviction.-Punishment for failure to pay contributions, etc..-Punishment for false statements.-Penalties.-Stay of payment pending appeal.-Appeal.-Reference to High Court.-Benefit not admissible unless claimed in time.-Appearance by legal practitioners, etc..-Powers of Employees' Insurance Court.-Commencement of proceedings.-Matters to be decided by Employees' Insurance Court.-Institution of proceedings, etc..-Constitution of Employees' Insurance Court.-Adjudication Of Dispute And Claims.-Duration of Chapter VA.-Power to remove difficulties.-Application of certain provisions of this Act to employer's special contribution.-Power to exempt to be exercised by Central Government alone in respect of employer's special contributions.